Bhagat Ravidas Ji

This post is Excerpted and Adapted from SikhiWiki on the Topic of Bhagat Ravidas

Bhagat Ravidas Ji (Gurmukhi: ਭਗਤ ਰਵਿਦਾਸ), was a poet, devotee, and a Gurmukh, born on Maghshudhi 14 Pooranmashi in Samat 1456 (January 30, 1399) in Kashi. He was originally a shoe maker from Uttar Pradesh.

He was a monotheist and was a knower of Gurmat. He admired Kabir Ji and Namdev Ji.

In the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, many devotional hymns of Bhagat Ravidas Ji are present. He was a devotee of God, and his hymns are placed under Bani Bhagatan ki – Gurbani found in the Siri Guru Granth Sahib that is attributed to the Sikh Bhagats. Forty-one of his writings have been included in the Siri Guru Granth Sahib. His devotional songs and verses made a lasting impact in the Bhakti movement.

His parents were in the leather trade, and were very well off. He was barely five days old when Bhagat Ramanand visited his house and blessed the child. Ravidas was born to Raghu and Ghurbinia, who lived near the city of Varanasi.

When Ravidas reached the age of discretion his father inspired him to join the family business. But Ravidas was imbued with celestial and humane values. The money he received from his father for business, he spent in the welfare of the saints and needy. His father was extremely perturbed and banished him from the house.

By this time Ravidas was already married. Rather than resenting his father’s actions he quietly left the house, started living in a make-shift hut with his wife, and set up a small wayside shop for mending shoes. He did not abandon his love for God and built a temple of clay walls and thatched roof. His extreme devotion and universal love induced hundreds of people of all castes to join him in worship.

A rich man tried to allure him with the charm of wealth. It is said that he gave Ravidas a philosopher’s stone by the touch of which one could change any article into gold. In spite of Ravidas refusing the gift the rich man left the stone hung under the ceiling. When he came back after one year the stone was still hanging there. The rich man announced to the world the indisputable godliness of Bhagat Ravidas.

Ravidas’s selfless devotion and casteless love for humanity spread far and wide.

Guru Arjan decided to include the works of Ravidas in the Siri Guru Granth Sahib. There are 41 verses of Ravidas, who the Sikhs refer to as Bhagat Ravidas, in the Siri Guru Granth Sahib.

His poetry is brimming with ardent love for God, the Universe, nature, Guru, and the Name.

He was the first to motivate his followers to challenge discrimination on the grounds of caste and attack the Hindu caste system. By his deeds he proved that he was closer to God than those who were calling him ‘low caste.’

In the Siri Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Ram Das says that by remembering the Lord all the time, Bhagat Ravidas came to be recognized and respected by all the people despite his low caste. The Guru tells us how people of all the four castes came and bowed to Bhagat Ravidas. Ravidas was honored in the Court of the Lord.

Ravi Daas, the leather-worker, praised the Lord, and sang the Kirtan of His Praises each and every instant.

Although he was of low social status, he was exalted and elevated, and people of all four castes came and bowed at his feet.


SikhiWiki is a web-based encyclopedia of the Sikh way of life written collaboratively by many of its readers and administered by SikhNet. 

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