The concept of “Mukti” or Liberation is recognized within Sikh Dharma to include both the freedom from the cycle of birth and death, and the absorption or surrender into a state of merger with the divine. In the world at large, this is often referred to with other words—such as Samadhi or Nirvana.
In Sikh Dharma, this concept is broadly interpreted to include other concepts such as Shuniya (deep inner stillness) and Sahej (deep acceptance or ease).
Although it is accepted that the efforts of self-discipline, meditative practice and selfless service are all very helpful in progressing toward this state of liberation, above all Sikhs believe that it is the continual devotion and focus on the Divine which is most important. Sikh Dharma is essentially a Bhakti (devotional) path. Therefore, Sikhs believe it is only through Divine Grace that one attains the release of Mukti. The attaining of this Grace is not generally achieved directly, but instead is a byproduct of one’s devotional efforts.
Sikhs strive towards the ideal of attaining this state of liberation in this lifetime (Jivan Mukht) rather than looking to one’s death as the time of entry into this state.
As the effacing of one’s ego is one of the primary goals along this path, in Sikh Dharma we believe that one should not be self-absorbed in this pursuit, but rather one should be focused on serving others and serving the Divine Will; and if, in doing so, liberation is attained, that is a gift or blessing.
~ Ideology & Beliefs (Sikh Dharma International) – https://www.sikhdharma.org/ideology-beliefs/ .
Video: What is Jiwan Mukht?
In this video, Dr. JivanJoti Kaur defines the concept of “Jiwan Mukht” (experiencing liberation while alive) in simple terms.