Guru Angad Dev Ji is the second Guru of the Sikhs. He lived 48 years (1504-1552). He was born in Sarai Matta, India. His father’s name was Pheru Mall Ji and his mother was Daya Kaur Ji. He married Mata Khivi. They were both symbols of service. They had two sons Dassu Ji and Dattu Ji and two daughters Bibi Amro Ji and Bibi Anokhi Ji.
Angad was 25 years old when he became the Second Guru. He went into seclusion to meditate; however, after six months, he was convinced to return to active leadership. As a leader, he set an ideal example , living and serving as Guru Nanak had done.
Guru Angad was very fond of children, organized games for them and even gave out prizes. He took special interest in their education, which undoubtedly led him to work on the Gurmukhi script which made Guru Nanak’s teachings easily available so even children could read them.
Before Guru Angad simplified Gurmukhi (“from the mouth of the Guru”), only the Brahmins, the priestly class, could read. They were paid by the illiterate to read and perform ceremonies for them. Guru Angad gathered Guru Nanak’s hymns, which were in various scripts or had been memorized by some of his disciples, and rewrote them plus his own compositions in Gurmukhi, a simple phonetic script. Gurmukhi was so easy to read that everyone could learn it. This codified script elevated the lower classes and was a means to directly experience the divine. Gurmukhi is and endures today as the “language” in which the entire Siri Guru Granth Sahib is written.
He spread Guru Nanak’s message. He also introduced the Gurmukhi script. He taught by being an example of service, dedication and devotion.