8 Facts About the Siri Guru Granth Sahib

Photo by Karam Singh – Flickr Creative Commons.


Leer en Español


1. There are 36 Composers

The Guru Granth Sahib contains hymns of thirty-six composers written in twenty-two languages, employing a phonetically perfected Gurmukhi script.


Painting by Kanwar Singh – Art of Punjab

2. Guru Arjan Dev ji Composed Almost Half of the Compositions 

The Fifth Guru, Guru Arjan Dev, who compiled the first version, composed 2,216 of the 5,894 hymns.


3. The Siri Guru Granth Sahib is Truly Universal 

In addition to the hymns of the Sikh Gurus, Guru Arjan Dev also included 937 hymns composed by fifteen saints and eleven poet laureates of the Guru’s court. Hindus, Muslims, Brahmins, and “untouchables” all come together in one congregation to create a truly universal scripture.


Image by S. Hermann & F. Richter from Pixabay.

4. The Siri Guru Granth Sahib is Composed in Poetry

The Siri Guru Granth Sahib was composed in poetry, perhaps to prevent alterations and/or adulterations, and to appeal to the human heart. Further, poetry can always be interpreted to suit changing cultures.


5. The Siri Guru Granth Sahib is Written in the Gurmukhi Script

It includes material originally written or spoken in Sanskrit, Prakrit, Rajasthani, Persian, Arabic, Bengali, and Marathi. The phonetically complete Gurmukhi font meets the need for inscribing a multi-linguistic scripture that is also musical.



6. Music Forms the Basis of the Rhythms and Classification of the Hymns

Music forms the basis of the rhythms and classification of the hymns, using Indian ragas. This form is used not only to preserve the originality of the composition, but also to provide a divine experience through the medium of music and the primal sounds of God’s creation. There are 31 main Ragas in the Guru Granth Sahib, with a total of 60 that include sub-raags.  The Gurus themselves created some of the raags used. Several hymns use popular folklore and meters.


7. The Verses are Often Sung as Kirtan

The Holy Granth verses are often sung as kirtan to reveal true meaning directly through cosmic vibrations. The melodies bond the listener to the spiritual light of universal intelligence.


8. The Siri Guru Granth Sahib is Religious, Mystic and Metaphysical 

This was the first interfaith and universal scripture. It is a compendium of religious, mystic, and metaphysical poetry written or recited between the 12th and 17th centuries in Mid-Eastern and Far-Eastern continents.


This post is an excerpt from the book Heroes, Saints and Yogis: Tales of Self Discovery and the Path of Sikh Dharma, compiled by Shakti Parwha Kaur Khalsa and Guruka Singh Khalsa.

In the book Heroes, Saints and Yogis: Tales of Self Discovery and the Path of Sikh Dharma, compiled by Shakti Parwha Kaur Khalsa and Guruka Singh Khalsa:

What does it mean to live as a Sikh? How is this lifestyle relevant today? In this reader friendly collection of personal stories you will find “People Like You and Me” candidly sharing their experiences of self-discovery along the path of Sikh Dharma. This one-of-a-kind book includes fascinating tales of the unique lives of the ten men of higher consciousness who forged a path of everyday learning and personal excellence.

Visit our Marketplace if you are interested in purchasing this book.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

  1. Rajinder Singh says:

    Please correct yourself in your website.

    The whole baani of Guru Granth Sahib ji is written under sixty raags of equal and independent status.

    And not just thirty one only.

  2. Our Indian religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism are the best Spiritual teachings in the world .
    I am extremely grateful to these wonderful teachings. Made me a much better person.

Post navigation