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To support one’s spiritual development, Guru Gobind Singh taught that certain Banis are best chanted every day. Each resonates with the energy of a specific time of day and so reading them at that time is recommended. Below are the daily Banis given by Guru Gobind Singh.
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Written by the first Sikh Master, Guru Nanak
. This Bani control’s one’s “Ji,” one’s soul. When your Ji, your being, is endangered, when the radiance of your soul is weak, recite Japji. Guru Nanak
said that reciting Japji Sahib would liberate the humanity from the cycles of birth and death. Japji Sahib can be recited at any time of day.
Written by the fifth Sikh Master, Guru Arjan
. This is the highest disciple’s love letter, written by Arjan to his father Guru Ram Das
. Its boon is that it gives the benefits of a thousand Shabads, and the soul shall directly merge with God. It makes the separated ones come home with grace. One who recites this Shabad shall never be separated from their beloved. Best recited in the morning.
Written by the 10th Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh
. The Naad (Sound) of Jaap Sahib rouses the soul and the self of the Being. Sahib means grace. Recite it when your position is endangered, or when your authoritative personality is weak. This Bani brings grace and greatness. It will also give you the ability that whatever people say, you will automatically be able to compute what they are actually saying. And, once you are able to recite it correctly, it will give you the power, the Siddhi, that whatever you say, must happen. Man can direct God and God can direct man. Guru Gobind Singh
gave us Jaap Sahib so we wouldn’t become beggars at the doors of others. Best recited in the morning.
TAV PRASAD SWAYE
Written by the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh
. When you are not getting any satisfaction out of life, this is the Bani to recite.
Written by the third Sikh Master, Guru Amar Das
. The 40 Paurees of the Anand Sahib guide the development of the mind and the soul for life. In this Bani, mind and body are explained in relation to cosmic Divinity. Guru Amar Das gave us this Song of Bliss to qualify the mind and to understand the depth.
Different passages composed by various Sikh Masters. This Bani is recited at sunset. Traditionally, this is the time of day when work is done and one feels tired. This Bani adds energy (raa-hu) to one’s being, to one’s total concept. Also, recite it when your worldly wealth is endangered. In Naad (Sound Language), reh means live, and raas means commodity. Rehiras Sahib helps you when you are physically weak, or weak in money, property and earthly goods.
Different passages composed by different Sikh Masters. This Bani is recited before you go to sleep at night. It is the most harmonious Naad (Sound) ever uttered. It multiplies the aura to the sensitivity of protection that it eliminates any negativity for miles and miles. When you are in danger, from a direct or indirect source, and when you want to protect yourself with the surrounding of the entire magnetic field of the earth, recite Kirtan Sohila.
For those interested in the yogic aspect of these Banis, here is a list of them along with their relationship with the five tattvas (elements). Each element in our being has certain patters and holds certain karmas. The impact of the Banis on the elements is to balance the energy and clear the karmas that are being held.
- Ether: Japji Sahib, Shabad Hazaaray
- Air: Jaap Sahib, Tev Prasaad Swaiyaas
- Fire: Anand Sahib
- Water: Rehiras Sahib, with Baynti Chaopai
- Earth: Kirtan Sohilaa
These explanations of the Daily Nitnem Banis are adapted from the book, Victory and Virtue
The book Victory and Virtue: Ceremonies and Code of Conduct of Sikh Dharma, was compiled by the Office of the Bhai Sahiba of Sikh Dharma International.
This comprehensive manual has a wealth of information for anyone who wishes to deepen his or her understanding and appreciation of the practices of the Sikh lifestyle. Important historical background, Gurdwara protocols and ceremonies, and the science of the sound current are just some of the areas included.
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