Sikh Dharma International

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Glossary

3HO: the Healthy, Happy, Holy Organization, a non-profit organization dedicated to serving humanity through the teachings of Kundalini Yoga and the 3HO lifestyle as taught by Yogi Bhajan. www.3ho.org.

4 Pillars of Sikh Dharma: There are four main practices within Sikh Dharma. Bana - dressing to represent your grace and spirit; Bani - chanting and singing the Sound Current of the Shabad Guru; Seva - selfless service to others; and Simran - one-pointed meditation where the mind intermixes and surrenders to the Divine Identity within you.

Ajna: see Brow Point

Akal: deathless, undying

Akal Takhat: Literally: Throne of the Deathless. The Akal Takhat was established as an institution to protect the spiritual and earthly sovereignty of the Sikh community.

Akhand Path: A continuous recitation of the Siri Guru Granth Sahib, lasting about 48 hours, by a team of readers.

Akashic Records: Etheric records where all actions and thoughts are recorded

Ambrosial Hours: also known as the Amrit Vela. The 2½ hours before sunrise. Said to be the best time of day to meditate and pray.

Amrit: nectar of bliss; blessed water used for Sikh baptism

Amrit Ceremony: the Sikh baptism ceremony

Amrit Vela: also known as the Ambrosial Hours. The 2½ hours before sunrise. The best time of day to meditate and pray.

Amritsar: city in northwest India founded in 1577 by Guru Ram Das, and home of the Golden Temple

Anand: soulful bliss

Apana: the eliminating force of the body; the outgoing breath

Aquarian Age: Age of "I know. I want to experience;" beginning on November 11, 2012; an Age of expanded awareness obtained through direct experience.

Arcline: the 6th energy body extends from one earlobe across the hairline and brow to the other earlobe and represents the projecting power of prayer

Asana: yogic posture

Ashram: a spiritual community or home where yoga is lived and taught; literally "house of the teacher"

Atma: Soul

Aura: the energy field that surrounds and interpenetrates the body, also called the electromagnetic field

Ayurveda: a holistic system of medicine, from the Sanskrit words meaning "life" and "knowledge," or the knowledge of life

Baisakhi: Sikh holiday commemorating the birth of the Khalsa and the spirit of renewal. For more information, see The First Baisakhi.

Bana: traditional Sikh clothing

Bandh: lock or knot

Bangara, Bhangra: lively Indian folk dancing

Bani: sacred Sikh prayer

Beads of Truth: a Dharmic magazine published in the 1970s, 80s, and early 90s

Bhai Sahib or Bhai Sahiba: A reverent title given to honor a Sikh for his or her spiritual insight and knowledge.

Bhakti Yoga: yogic path of devotion

Bharat: a Hindi name of the republic of India.

Bij Mantra: seed sound, Sat Nam

Bole So Nihal: "The one who speaks shall be blessed." Traditionally called out at occasions when a unifying Sikh affirmation is desired. The answering call is Sat Siri Akal "Great undying Truth."

Breath of Fire: continuous rapid nostril breathing, two to three breaths per second, while pulling the navel point in on the exhale and relaxing it on the inhale

Brow Point: To focus at the Brow Point, close the eyes and focus at the root of the nose, between the eyebrows, and up about 1/8 inch, as if you were looking at a small blackboard on the inside of your forehead; also called the Ajna, or Third Eye.

Canon-Fire Breath: powerful exhalation through ‘o' shaped mouth

Celestial Communication: mudra in motion; meditation with mantra and movement of the arms and upper body

Chakras: eight energy centers located at the base of the spine, sex organs, navel point, center of the chest between the nipples, throat, brow point, crown of the head, and electromagnetic field surrounding the body

Chapati: Indian flat bread

Chardi Kala: high spirits

Corpse Pose (Savasana): Lie on the back, arms at the sides, palms facing up, ankles uncrossed. This posture facilitates deep relaxation.

Crown Chakra: the seventh chakra at the top of the head

Darshan: blessing by seeing or being seen

Dasvandh: Das means ten, Vandh means to give; the principle of tithing: if you give to Infinity, Infinity will give back to you tenfold. For more information, see Dasvandh and Prosperity .

Dharma: spiritual path

Diaphragm Lock: see Uddiyana Bandh

Easy Pose: a comfortable, cross-legged, sitting position; Sukhasan

Ek Ong Kar: translation- "There is One Creator who created the Creation."

Electromagnetic Field: see aura

Frog Pose: Squat down on the toes. The heels are touching, and off the ground. Put the fingertips on the ground between the knees. Keep the head up. Inhale as you raise the hips up, keeping the fingers on the ground, the heels up, and the knees straight. Exhale and come squatting back down to the starting position.

Full Lotus: from Easy Pose, bring one foot up onto the opposite thigh. Then bring the other foot up onto the other thigh

Gatka: a Sikh martial art form

Golden Chain: the chain of teachers that forms the channel through which the energy, wisdom, and protection of the tradition of Kundalini Yoga flows

Golden Temple: most revered and sacred Sikh temple in the world, located in Amritsar, India; also called the Harimander Sahib

Golden Temple Inc.: the manufacturer of Peace Cereals, Yogi Tea, Golden Temple Bulk Granola, Wha Guru Chews, and other natural food and health products.

Gunas: the three fundamental attributes or qualities that permeate and infuse all life: sattva (essence), rajas (activity), tamas (inertia)

Gurbani: sacred language based on the power of the sound current

Gurdwara: Sikh temple or place of worship, the "gate of the Guru"

Gurmukh: a person who flows with the integrity of the Guru's words.

Gurmukhi: the sacred language based on the transformative power of the sound current

Guru: Literally "that which takes you from darkness to light" or "teacher." Guru has a number of related meanings. Depending on the context, it can refer to one of the ten Sikh Gurus, or the Siri Guru Granth Sahib-sacred writings of enlightened beings. The Sikhs had ten living Gurus, and the 10th Guru transferred the Guruship to the Siri Guru Granth Sahib.

Guru Arjan Dev: the 5th Sikh Guru, known for self-sacrifice

Guru Gobind Singh: the tenth Sikh Guru, known for his royal courage and radiance

Guru Nanak: the first of the ten Sikh Gurus, a saint and minstrel, and the founder of the Sikh lifestyle

Guru Ram Das: the 4th Sikh Guru, the embodiment of compassion, humility, integrity and service, known for his healing power as "The Lord of Miracles"

Guru Ram Das Center for Medicine and Humanology: a foundation based in Espanola, New Mexico, which provides health education and instruction in yoga and meditation to persons with chronic or life-threatening illness, training for health professionals to use these techniques in their practice, and which conducts research into the medical effects of Kundalini Yoga

Gyan Mudra: the tips of the thumbs and index fingers touch and the rest of the fingers are straight; activates the wisdom and knowledge areas of the brain

Gyan Yoga: yogic path of the intellect

Har: one of the names of God in His creative aspect; the ‘a' is short and sounds like the ‘u' in ‘mud' and the ‘r' is rolled as in Spanish

Heart Center: area around the heart that corresponds to the Heart Chakra

Heart Chakra: the fourth chakra; center of love and compassion; located at heart level in the center of the chest

Hemkunt: A saced lake at an altitude of 4,329 metres in the Indian Uttarkhand Himalayas bordering Tibet and Nepal. In his previous incarnation, the 10th Sikh Master meditated at this place and achieved union with the Divine. For more information on Hemkunt, click here.

Ida: One of the three major channels (nadis) for subtle energy in the body. It is associated with the flow of breath through the left nostril and represents the qualities of the moon—calmness, receptivity, coolness, and imagination. It is associated with the functions of the parasympathetic nervous system but is not identical to it nor derived from it.

Jaap Sahib: Sikh prayer written in praise of God by the 10th Guru

Jalandhar Bandh: Neck Lock; stretch the back of the neck gently straight by pulling the chin straight back and lifting the chest

Jaap: recitation/repetition of God's Name

Japji: the first of five daily Sikh prayers recited to connect one to one's own soul

Jetha: a group of travelers on a spiritual journey, usually musicians

Kali Yug: the current period of the world time cycle lasting 432,000 years; the age of conflict

Karma: the cosmic law of cause and effect, action and reaction

Karma Yoga: selfless action without thought of reward

Kaur: middle or last name given to a woman who becomes a Sikh and/or takes Amrit. Kaur means Princess.

Khalsa: those who live by their inner purity and light; those who are pure of heart

Khalsa Panth: the collective body of all baptized Sikhs, who have taken the Amrit of Guru Gobind Singh, and agree to live by the highest ideals of Sikh principles

Kirtan: sacred music

Kriya: combination of posture, mudra, mantra, breathing, and rhythm; literally means completed action; a kriya can one exercise or a specific sequence of exercises

Kundalini: from the root word ‘kundal' in Sanskrit, meaning "the lock of the hair from the beloved;" The uncoiling of this "hair" is the awakening of the Kundalini, the unlimited potential that already exists in every human

Langar: Free community kitchen open to all, regardless of religious background.

Laya Yoga: a form of meditation using rhythmic mantra patterns and bandhs (locks)

Long Deep Breathing: long, deep, slow rhythmic breath; the abdomen expands to begin the inhale, and contracts to end the exhale

Mahan Tantric: Master of White Tantric Yoga. The Mahan Tantric is the only person qualified to conduct White Tantric Yoga courses and there can be only one living Mahan Tantric at any one time

Mala: a string of beads used as a meditation too.

Mantra: a syllable or combination of syllables that help focus the mind

Maya: the illusion of the reality of sensory experience of one's self and the world

Miri Piri: Principle established by the sixth Master in Sikh Dharma, Guru Hargobind. It means that the community of Spiritual Seekers are soverign in their relationship with the Divine. And are self-governing in their earthly affairs.

Miri Piri Academy: an international elementary-high school in Amritsar, India that promotes the development of leadership skills

Mudra: yogic hand position

Mukhia Sardarni Sahiba (MSS): Minsterial title from Sikh Dharma International given to a woman who has done exceptional service to the community. Indicates an elder in the Sikh Dharma International ministry.

Mukhia Singh Sahib (MSS): Ministerial title from Sikh Dharma International given to a man who has done exceptional service to the community. Indicates an elder in the Sikh Dharma International ministry.

Mulbandh: Root Lock, used to close off the lower three chakras, allowing the Kundalini energy to flow upwards; simultaneously contract the muscles of the rectum, sex organs, lower abdomen, and Navel Point

Mul Mantra: the Root Mantra for the Sikh spiritual tradition. It begins Japji Sahib and is found repeated many times in the Siri Guru Granth Sahib.

Naad: sacred sound current; basic sound for all languages originating from the sound current

Nam: noun, true identity

Neck Lock: see Jalandhar Bandh

Neutral Mind: the mind that judges and assesses without attachment in relation to either fear or wishful thinking; it observes the actions of both the negative and positive minds, and then makes decisions in relationship to the higher self

Nirvana: characterized by bliss and freedom; letting go of ego, passion, and desire; liberation

Panj Piaray (Five Beloved Ones): the first five initiated Sikhs, during the Baisakhi clelbrations of 1699, who volunteered to give up their lives as a sign of their faith and love for their Guru. The names of these five men were: Daya Singh, Dharam Singh, Mohkam Singh, Himmat Singh and Sahib Singh. For more information, see The First Baisakhi.

Parkarma: walkway surrounding the Golden Temple

Patanjali: the first yogi to record the eight limbs of Raja Yoga, the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, written in the second century B. C.

Pauri: steps of knowledge guiding one to experience God consciousness; also used in Sikh prayers to indicate a verse of spiritual poetry.

Pingala: One of the three major channels (nadis) for subtle energy in the body. It is associated with the flow of breath through the right nostril and represents the qualities of the sun—energy, heat, action, and projective power. It is associated with the functions of the sympathetic nervous system but is not identical to it or derived from it.

Piscean Age: Age of "I want to know. I need to learn."

Prakirti: feminine aspect of the Divine. Creative primal power.

Prana: the life force or vital air above the navel center

Pranayam: yogic breathing technique

Prashad: Guru's gift (often meaning blessed food)

Pratyahar: consciously and analytically directing your mind towards the Infinite

Purkha: masculine aspect of the Divine. Indicates strength, courage and protection.

Raga: traditional Sikh and Indian spiritual music in a tonal system in which variations are improvised within a prescribed framework of progressions, melodic formulas, and rhythmic patterns

Ragi: one who plays sacred Sikh music

Raj Yoga: royal path of yoga; mental path

Ram Das Puri: the name of the land where the Summer Solstice Celebration in held, in the foothills outside of Espanola, New Mexico

Rehit Maryada: the rules and traditions which define the Sikh way of life

Rishi: a sage or saint

Rishi Dusht Dawan: the name of the previous incarnation of the 10th Sikh Master. Rish Dusht Dawan meditated at Hemkunt, attained union with the Divine, and then came back as Guru Gobind Rai later to be baptized as Guru Gobind Singh.

Rock Pose: sitting on your heels; Vajrasan

Root Lock: see Mulbandh

Sadhana: daily spiritual practice

Sangat: community of like-minded people

Sardarni Sahiba (SS): title given to a woman who has become an ordained Sikh minister through Sikh Dharma International.

Sat Nam: true identity

Sat Nam Rasayan: ancient healing art based on the application of the meditative transcendent mind; from Sanskrit meaning "universal remedy of manifested truth;" "deep relaxation in the true identity"

Sattva: one of the three gunas or qualities meaning pure, calm, and clear

Sensory Human: the fully-functioning human, intuitively aware, self-validated, and authentic

Seva: selfless service. For more information, see Seva - Selfless Service.

Sevadar: One who serves selflessly, without payment or thought of reward.

SGPC: Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee. Governing body for Sikh Gurdwaras in India.

Shabad: sound current, Divine word

Shabad Guru: sacred volume of writings and source of spiritual wisdom and guidance

Shakti: woman; feminine, creative aspect of God

Shuniya: a state of stillness where the ego is neutralized and the Universe flows through you

Shushmanaa (or Sushmuna): One of the three major channels (nadis) for subtle energy in the body. It is associated with the central channel of the spine and is the place of neutrality through which the Kundalini travels when awakened. When mantra is vibrated from this place it has the power of soul and consciousness. 

Sikh: literally a seeker of Truth

Sikh Dharma: the youngest of the major world religions, founded by Guru Nanak and based on belief in one God, conscious living, equality of humankind, and respect for all religions

Singh: middle or last name given to a man who becomes a Sikh and/or takes Amrit. Singh means Lion.

Singh Sahib (SS): title given to a man who has become an ordained Sikh minister through Sikh Dharma International.

Siri Guru Granth Sahib: revered as the living Guru for Sikhs, a volume containing the sacred words of many enlightened beings who wrote while in a state of union with the Divine; source of spiritual wisdom and guidance

Siri Singh Sahib: Chief Religious and Spiritual Authority for Sikh Dharma of the Western Hemisphere. Title give to Harbhana Singh Khalsa Yogiji in 1971 by the then-president of the SGPC, Sant Charan Singh.

Subtle Body: characterized by intuitive knowing and mastery; carries the soul at the time of death

Summer Solstice: annual Kundalini Yoga camp held in New Mexico by 3HO at the time of the summer solstice

SuperHealth: a de-addiction program based on Kundalini Yoga, meditation, and the 3HO lifestyle

Sutra: section from the scriptures; thread

Tattwas: qualities associated with earth, water, fire, air, and ether

Tapasia: one who practices the yogic approach to the "inner fire" that burns and clears the karmas.

Third Eye: see Brow Point

Uddiyana Bandh: Diaphragm Lock, applied on the exhale by lifting the chest and pulling the diaphragm muscle (the area above the navel) up and in

Upanishads: writings which form the last section of the literature of the Vedas, composed beginning 900 B.C.; the basis for the later philosophical schools of Vedanta.

Vedanta: one of the six classical systems of Indian philosophy

Vedas: ancient Hindu scriptures

Venus Lock: Mudra with fingers interlaced. For men, the right thumb tip presses on the Mound of Venus (base of the thumb) of the left hand, with the left thumb tip resting on the webbing between the thumb and index finger of the right hand. For wormen, the mudra is reversed.

Wahe Guru: Indescribable wisdom

White Tantric Yoga: meditation workshop for healing and transmuting subconscious thought patterns and expanding awareness, and taught only by the Mahan Tantric

Yatra: spiritual journey

Yoga: union; the science of yoking or uniting the individual consciousness with the Universal consciousness

Yogiji: term of respect and affection used to address or refer to Yogi Bhajan

Yogi Tea: a healing formula made from cinnamon, black peppercorns, cardamom, cloves, and milk; the original recipe also calls for black tea

Yogini: a female student of yoga

Yuga: the Sanskrit term for an ‘Age' meaning one of the four periods into which the world time cycle is divided: Sat Yug (Golden Age), Treta Yug (Silver Age), Doapar Yug (Copper Age), and Kali Yug (Steel Age)